Second Quarter 2018 Highlights
*For a reconciliation of EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, and Adjusted Net Income to Net Income, as well as a reconciliation of Adjusted EPS, see note 2 below.
Trinseo (NYSE: TSE), a global materials company and manufacturer of plastics, latex binders and synthetic rubber, today reported its second quarter 2018 financial results with net sales of $1,237 million, net income of $98 million, and earnings per diluted share of $2.24. Second quarter Adjusted EPS was $2.40 and Adjusted EBITDA was $170 million.
Net sales in the second quarter increased 8% versus prior year due to higher sales volume across all segments except for Feedstocks as well as favorable currency, as the euro strengthened in comparison to the U.S. dollar, which had a positive impact across all segments. These impacts were partially offset by lower prices due to the pass through of lower butadiene cost, which was partially offset by the pass through of higher styrene cost. Second quarter net income of $98 million was $38 million higher than prior year. Second quarter Adjusted EBITDA of $170 million was $44 million higher than prior year. The higher profitability was from higher styrene margins, favorable currency impacts, as well as favorable net timing in the current year, due to increasing raw material costs, in comparison to unfavorable net timing in the prior year. Lower margins outside of the Feedstocks segment, including impacts from raw material costs, were more than offset by higher sales volume across nearly all segments except Feedstocks.
Commenting on the Company’s performance, Chris Pappas, Trinseo President and Chief Executive Officer, said, “We started the year with record profitability in the first quarter and continued that momentum with strong profitability in the second quarter, with total company performance in line with guidance. In addition, we had strong cash generation and returned $52 million to shareholders via share repurchases and dividends.”
Second Quarter Results and Commentary by Business Segment
Second Quarter Cash Generation
Cash provided by operating activities for the quarter was $142 million and capital expenditures were $29 million, resulting in Free Cash Flow for the quarter of $113 million. Second quarter cash from operations and Free Cash Flow included approximately $13 million of lower working capital. At the end of the quarter, the Company had $451 million of cash after $37 million of share repurchases during the quarter. For a reconciliation of Free Cash Flow to cash provided by operating activities, see note 3 below.
Commenting on the outlook for the third quarter and full year 2018 Pappas said, “While we expect continued solid performance and cash generation in the third quarter, profitability should be sequentially lower due to seasonality, a lower level of planned styrene outages resulting in decreasing styrene margins, and a somewhat softer tire market demand.”
Pappas continued, "Looking ahead to the full year performance, we are affirming our previous guidance and we remain focused on strong cash generation.”
For a reconciliation of third quarter and full year 2018 net income to Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EPS, see note 2 below. Additionally, refer to the appendix within Exhibit 99.3 of our Form 8-K, dated August 2, 2018, for further details on how net timing impacts are defined and calculated for our segments.
Conference Call and Webcast Information
Trinseo will host a conference call to discuss its second quarter 2018 financial results on Friday, August 3, 2018 at 10 AM Eastern Time.
Commenting on results will be Chris Pappas, President and Chief Executive Officer, Barry Niziolek, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, and David Stasse, Vice President, Treasury and Investor Relations. The conference call will be available by phone at:
Participant Toll-Free Dial-In Number: +1 866-393-4306
Participant International Dial-In Number: +1 734-385-2616
Conference ID: 1082289
Trinseo has posted its second quarter 2018 financial results on the Company’s Investor Relations website. The presentation slides will also be made available in the webcast player prior to the conference call. The Company will also furnish copies of the financial results press release and presentation slides to investors by means of a Form 8-K filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
A replay of the conference call and transcript will be archived on the Company’s Investor Relations website shortly following the conference call. The replay will be available until August 3, 2019.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Information
Note 1: Net sales by Segment
* The results of this segment are comprised entirely of earnings from Americas Styrenics, our 50%-owned equity method investment. As such, we do not separately report net sales of Americas Styrenics within our condensed consolidated statement of operations.
Note 2: Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Performance Measures to Net income
EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial performance measure that we refer to in making operating decisions because we believe it provides our management as well as our investors with meaningful information regarding the Company’s operational performance. We believe the use of EBITDA as a metric assists our board of directors, management and investors in comparing our operating performance on a consistent basis.
We also present Adjusted EBITDA as a non-GAAP financial performance measure, which we define as income from continuing operations before interest expense, net; income tax provision; depreciation and amortization expense; loss on extinguishment of long-term debt; asset impairment charges; gains or losses on the dispositions of businesses and assets; restructuring charges; acquisition related costs and other items. In doing so, we are providing management, investors, and credit rating agencies with an indicator of our ongoing performance and business trends, removing the impact of transactions and events that we would not consider a part of our core operations.
Lastly, we present Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted EPS as additional performance measures. Adjusted Net Income is calculated as Adjusted EBITDA (defined beginning with net income, above), less interest expense, less the provision for income taxes and depreciation and amortization, tax affected for various discrete items, as appropriate. Adjusted EPS is calculated as Adjusted Net Income per weighted average diluted shares outstanding for a given period. We believe that Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted EPS provide transparent and useful information to management, investors, analysts and other stakeholders in evaluating and assessing our operating results from period-to-period after removing the impact of certain transactions and activities that affect comparability and that are not considered part of our core operations.
There are limitations to using the financial performance measures noted above. These performance measures are not intended to represent net income or other measures of financial performance. As such, they should not be used as alternatives to net income as indicators of operating performance. Other companies in our industry may define these performance measures differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use these or similarly-named financial measures that other companies may use, to compare the performance of those companies to our performance. We compensate for these limitations by providing reconciliations of these performance measures to our net income, which is determined in accordance with GAAP.
(a) Restructuring and other charges primarily relate to charges incurred in connection with the upgrade and replacement of the Company’s compounding facility in Terneuzen, The Netherlands as well as the Company’s decision to cease manufacturing activities at our latex binders manufacturing facility in Livorno, Italy.
Note that the accelerated depreciation charges incurred as part of the upgrade and replacement of the Company’s compounding facility in Terneuzen, The Netherlands are included within the “Depreciation and amortization” caption above, and therefore are not included as a separate adjustment within this caption.
(b) Acquisition transaction and integration costs for the periods presented above relate to advisory and professional fees incurred in conjunction with the Company’s acquisition of API Plastics.
(c) Other items for the three months ended June 30, 2018 primarily relate to advisory and professional fees incurred in conjunction with the Company’s initiative to transition business services from The Dow Chemical Company, including certain administrative services such as accounts payable, logistics, and IT services, as well as fees incurred in conjunction with the Company’s term loan repricing which was completed during the second quarter of 2018.
(d) Adjusted to remove the tax impact of the items noted in (a),(b),(c) and (e). The income tax expense (benefit) related to these items was determined utilizing either (1) the estimated annual effective tax rate on our ordinary income based upon our forecasted ordinary income for the full year, or (2) for items treated discretely for tax purposes, we utilized the applicable rates in the taxing jurisdictions in which these adjustments occurred. Additionally, the three months ended June 30, 2018 excludes a $1.2 million discrete tax benefit related to certain legal entity restructuring, partially offset by $0.6 million in tax expense related to adjustments in reserves for uncertain tax positions.
(e) For the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 the amounts exclude accelerated depreciation of $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, related to the upgrade and replacement of the Company’s compounding facility in Terneuzen, The Netherlands.
For the same reasons discussed above, we are providing the following reconciliation of forecasted net income to forecasted Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EPS for the three months ended September 30, 2018, as well as for the full year ended December 31, 2018. See “Note on Forward-Looking Statements” above for a discussion of the limitations of these forecasts.
(f) Reconciling items to Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income are not typically forecasted by the Company based on their nature as being primarily driven by transactions that are not part of the core operations of the business. As such, for the forecasted three months ended September 30, 2018 and full year ended December 31, 2018, we have not included estimates for these items.
(g) Weighted average shares calculated for the purpose of forecasting Adjusted EPS do not forecast significant future share transactions or events, such as repurchases, significant stock-based compensation award grants, and changes in the Company’s share price. These are all factors which could have a significant impact on the calculation of Adjusted EPS during actual future periods.
Note 3: Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Liquidity Measures to Cash from Operations
The Company uses Free Cash Flow to evaluate and discuss its liquidity position and results. Free Cash Flow is defined as cash from operating activities, less capital expenditures. We believe that Free Cash Flow provides an indicator of the Company’s ongoing ability to generate cash through core operations, as it excludes the cash impacts of various financing transactions as well as cash flows from business combinations that are not considered organic in nature. We also believe that Free Cash Flow provides management and investors with a useful analytical indicator of our ability to service our indebtedness, pay dividends (when declared), and meet our ongoing cash obligations.
Free Cash Flow is not intended to represent cash flows from operations as defined by GAAP, and therefore, should not be used as an alternative for that measure. Other companies in our industry may define Free Cash Flow differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use this or similarly-named financial measures that other companies may use, to compare the liquidity and cash generation of those companies to our own. The Company compensates for these limitations by providing the reconciliation below, which is determined in accordance with GAAP.
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